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Bharatiya Janta Party
   
 

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) founded in 1980, is a major political party of India. Designed to represent the country's majority community and centre-right in nature, the party advocates conservative social policies, self reliance, robust economic growth, foreign policy driven by a nationalist agenda, and strong national defense. The party has a strong relation with the Sangh Parivar, in which the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh plays a leading role.
The BJP, in alliance with several other parties, was in power from 1998 to 2004, with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister and Lal Krishna Advani as his deputy. It is the biggest constituent of the National Democratic Alliance which currently is in the opposition.

Origins

The BJP is a direct successor of The Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS, Indian People's Union), founded in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee, a nationalist leader, former Union Minister and freedom-fighter. It was considered the political wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. But the fortunes of the young party took a dip in 1953, when Mookherjee was jailed in Kashmir by then Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. After his death in custody, the BJS lasted for 24 more years, but never seriously challenged the power of Indian National Congress, the only well-structured political party since India's independence. It did however groom future political leaders like Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani.

Early years

The BJP was founded in December 1980, under the direct leadership of Vajpayee and Advani. In the 1984 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP got only 2 seats out of 543. However, in the following 1989 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP obtained 88 seats and it supported the Janata Dal-led coalition of V.P. Singh. On October 23, 1990, Advani was arrested by the Chief Minister of Bihar, Laloo Prasad Yadav, due to his agitation for the construction of the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya, and as a result the BJP withdrew its support of the government and it fell.

After the 1991 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP became the premier opposition party, and the Congress government functioned as a minority. During this time, the Janata Dal, the other major offshoot of the Janata Party, saw itself crumble into regional factions, and many leaders opted for the BJP.

BJP Formed The First BJP Government (May 16 - 31st, 1996),The Second BJP Government (March 19, 1998 - October 13, 1999) and The Third BJP Government (October 13, 1999 - May 13, 2004).

Key Candidates of Bhartiya Janta Party
Lal Krishna Advani Anurag Singh Thakur
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Yashwant Sinha
Rajnath Singh Ram Naik
Sushma Swaraj Vinod Khanna
Narendra Modi Murli Manohar Joshi
Varun Gandhi Gopinath Munde
Maneka Gandhi Shatrughan Sinha
 
 
 
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